www.pudn.com > tdoa_localization-master-m.zip > TDOAShell.m, change:2014-10-29,size:4745b


function TDOAshell

wave = wavread('sample.wav');
wave = wave(:,1);
scale = 0.8/max(wave);
wave = scale*wave;
Trials = 10;
Radius = 50;                 
N = 8;
Theta = linspace(0,2*pi,N+1);
X = Radius * cos(Theta(1:end-1));
Y = Radius * sin(Theta(1:end-1));
Z = [1:N];
Z = (-1).^Z;
Z = 5*Z+5;
Sen_position = [X.',Y.',Z.'];
Sen_position = [Sen_position];
True_position = zeros(Trials, 3);
Est_position = zeros(Trials,3);

% Generate position of source

for i=1:Trials
    r = rand(1)*50;
    t = rand(1)*2*pi; 
    x = r*cos(t);
    y = r*sin(t);
    z = rand(1)*20;
    True_position(i,1) = x;
    True_position(i,2) = y;    
    True_position(i,3) = z;    
end


% Generate distances

Distances = zeros(Trials,8);
for i=1:Trials
    for j=1:8
        x1 = True_position(i,1);
        y1 = True_position(i,2);
        z1 = True_position(i,3);
        x2 = Sen_position(j,1);
        y2 = Sen_position(j,2);
        z2 = Sen_position(j,3);
        Distances(i,j) = sqrt((x1-x2)^2 + (y1-y2)^2 + (z1-z2)^2);   
    end
end

Distances;
TimeDelay = Distances./340.29;
Padding = TimeDelay*44100;

% Generate the signals
for i=1:Trials
   x = True_position(i,1);
   y = True_position(i,2);
   z = True_position(i,3);
   xstr = num2str(round(x));
   ystr = num2str(round(y));
   zstr = num2str(round(z));
   istr = num2str(i);
   name = strcat( 'Trial_', istr, '_', xstr, '_', ystr, '_', zstr, '_mdove.wav');
   mic1 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,1)),1) ; wave];
   mic2 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,2)),1) ; wave];
   mic3 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,3)),1) ; wave];
   mic4 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,4)),1) ; wave];
   mic5 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,5)),1) ; wave];
   mic6 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,6)),1) ; wave];
   mic7 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,7)),1) ; wave];
   mic8 = [zeros(round(Padding(i,8)),1) ; wave];
   l1 = length(mic1);
   l2 = length(mic2);
   l3 = length(mic3);
   l4 = length(mic4);
   l5 = length(mic5);
   l6 = length(mic6);
   l7 = length(mic7);
   l8 = length(mic8);
   lenvec = [l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 l7 l8];
   m = max(lenvec);
   c = [m-l1, m-l2, m-l3, m-l4, m-l5,m-l6, m-l7, m-l8];
   mic1 = [mic1; zeros(c(1),1)];
   mic2 = [mic2; zeros(c(2),1)];
   mic3 = [mic3; zeros(c(3),1)];
   mic4 = [mic4; zeros(c(4),1)];
   mic5 = [mic5; zeros(c(5),1)];
   mic6 = [mic6; zeros(c(6),1)];
   mic7 = [mic7; zeros(c(7),1)];
   mic8 = [mic8; zeros(c(8),1)];

   
   mic1 = mic1./Distances(i,1);
   mic2 = mic2./Distances(i,2);
   mic3 = mic3./Distances(i,3);
   mic4 = mic4./Distances(i,4);
   mic5 = mic5./Distances(i,5);
   mic6 = mic6./Distances(i,6);
   mic7 = mic7./Distances(i,7);
   mic8 = mic8./Distances(i,8);
   
multitrack = [mic1, mic2, mic3, mic4, mic5, mic6, mic7, mic8];
%   wavwrite(multitrack, 44100, name);

[x y z] = Locate(Sen_position, multitrack);
Est_position(i,1) = x;
Est_position(i,2) = y;
Est_position(i,3) = z;

end

plot(True_position(:,1),True_position(:,2),'bd',Est_position(:,1),Est_position(:,2),'r+','LineWidth',2);
legend('True Position','Estimated Position');
xlabel('X coordinate of target');
ylabel('Y coordinate of target');
title('TDOA Hyperbolic Localization');
axis([-50 50 -50 50]);

    
end


function [x y z] = Locate(Sen_position, multitrack)
% sensor index shift of 1 occurrs here

s = size(Sen_position);
len = s(1);
timedelayvec = zeros(len,1);
for i=1:len
   timedelayvec(i) = timedelayfunc(multitrack(:,1),multitrack(:,i));
end

timedelayvec;

Amat = zeros(len,1);
Bmat = zeros(len,1);
Cmat = zeros(len,1);
Dmat = zeros(len,1);
for i=3:len
    x1 = Sen_position(1,1);
    y1 = Sen_position(1,2);
    z1 = Sen_position(1,3);
    x2 = Sen_position(2,1);
    y2 = Sen_position(2,2);
    z2 = Sen_position(2,3);
    xi = Sen_position(i,1);
    yi = Sen_position(i,2);
    zi = Sen_position(i,3); 
   Amat(i) = (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(i)))*(-2*x1+2*xi) - (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(2)))*(-2*x1+2*x2);
   Bmat(i) = (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(i)))*(-2*y1+2*yi) - (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(2)))*(-2*y1+2*y2);
   Cmat(i) = (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(i)))*(-2*z1+2*zi) - (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(2)))*(-2*z1+2*z2);
   Sum1 = (x1^2)+(y1^2)+(z1^2)-(xi^2)-(yi^2)-(zi^2);
   Sum2 = (x1^2)+(y1^2)+(z1^2)-(x2^2)-(y2^2)-(z2^2);
   Dmat(i) = 340.29*(timedelayvec(i) - timedelayvec(2)) + (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(i)))*Sum1 - (1/(340.29*timedelayvec(2)))*Sum2;
end


M = zeros(len,3);
D = zeros(len,1);
for i=1:len
    M(i,1) = Amat(i);
    M(i,2) = Bmat(i);
    M(i,3) = Cmat(i);
    D(i) = Dmat(i);
end

M = M(3:len,:);
D = D(3:len);


D = D.*-1;

Minv = pinv(M);
T = Minv*(D);
x = T(1);
y = T(2);
z = T(3);

end

function out = timedelayfunc(x,y)
% suppose sampling rate is 44100
% Let Tx be transit time for x
% Let Ty be transit time for y
% out is Ty - Tx

c = xcorr(x, y);
[C I] = max(c);
out = ((length(c)+1)/2 - I)/44100;

end