www.pudn.com > simplest_ffmpeg_player_1_final.rar > avdevice.h, change:2014-05-06,size:16642b


/*
 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
 *
 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

#ifndef AVDEVICE_AVDEVICE_H
#define AVDEVICE_AVDEVICE_H

#include "version.h"

/**
 * @file
 * @ingroup lavd
 * Main libavdevice API header
 */

/**
 * @defgroup lavd Special devices muxing/demuxing library
 * @{
 * Libavdevice is a complementary library to @ref libavf "libavformat". It
 * provides various "special" platform-specific muxers and demuxers, e.g. for
 * grabbing devices, audio capture and playback etc. As a consequence, the
 * (de)muxers in libavdevice are of the AVFMT_NOFILE type (they use their own
 * I/O functions). The filename passed to avformat_open_input() often does not
 * refer to an actually existing file, but has some special device-specific
 * meaning - e.g. for x11grab it is the display name.
 *
 * To use libavdevice, simply call avdevice_register_all() to register all
 * compiled muxers and demuxers. They all use standard libavformat API.
 * @}
 */

#include "libavutil/log.h"
#include "libavutil/opt.h"
#include "libavutil/dict.h"
#include "libavformat/avformat.h"

/**
 * Return the LIBAVDEVICE_VERSION_INT constant.
 */
unsigned avdevice_version(void);

/**
 * Return the libavdevice build-time configuration.
 */
const char *avdevice_configuration(void);

/**
 * Return the libavdevice license.
 */
const char *avdevice_license(void);

/**
 * Initialize libavdevice and register all the input and output devices.
 * @warning This function is not thread safe.
 */
void avdevice_register_all(void);

/**
 * Audio input devices iterator.
 *
 * If d is NULL, returns the first registered input audio/video device,
 * if d is non-NULL, returns the next registered input audio/video device after d
 * or NULL if d is the last one.
 */
AVInputFormat *av_input_audio_device_next(AVInputFormat  *d);

/**
 * Video input devices iterator.
 *
 * If d is NULL, returns the first registered input audio/video device,
 * if d is non-NULL, returns the next registered input audio/video device after d
 * or NULL if d is the last one.
 */
AVInputFormat *av_input_video_device_next(AVInputFormat  *d);

/**
 * Audio output devices iterator.
 *
 * If d is NULL, returns the first registered output audio/video device,
 * if d is non-NULL, returns the next registered output audio/video device after d
 * or NULL if d is the last one.
 */
AVOutputFormat *av_output_audio_device_next(AVOutputFormat *d);

/**
 * Video output devices iterator.
 *
 * If d is NULL, returns the first registered output audio/video device,
 * if d is non-NULL, returns the next registered output audio/video device after d
 * or NULL if d is the last one.
 */
AVOutputFormat *av_output_video_device_next(AVOutputFormat *d);

typedef struct AVDeviceRect {
    int x;      /**< x coordinate of top left corner */
    int y;      /**< y coordinate of top left corner */
    int width;  /**< width */
    int height; /**< height */
} AVDeviceRect;

/**
 * Message types used by avdevice_app_to_dev_control_message().
 */
enum AVAppToDevMessageType {
    /**
     * Dummy message.
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_NONE = MKBETAG('N','O','N','E'),

    /**
     * Window size change message.
     *
     * Message is sent to the device every time the application changes the size
     * of the window device renders to.
     * Message should also be sent right after window is created.
     *
     * data: AVDeviceRect: new window size.
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_WINDOW_SIZE = MKBETAG('G','E','O','M'),

    /**
     * Repaint request message.
     *
     * Message is sent to the device when window has to be repainted.
     *
     * data: AVDeviceRect: area required to be repainted.
     *       NULL: whole area is required to be repainted.
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_WINDOW_REPAINT = MKBETAG('R','E','P','A'),

    /**
     * Request pause/play.
     *
     * Application requests pause/unpause playback.
     * Mostly usable with devices that have internal buffer.
     * By default devices are not paused.
     *
     * data: NULL
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_PAUSE        = MKBETAG('P', 'A', 'U', ' '),
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_PLAY         = MKBETAG('P', 'L', 'A', 'Y'),
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_TOGGLE_PAUSE = MKBETAG('P', 'A', 'U', 'T'),

    /**
     * Volume control message.
     *
     * Set volume level. It may be device-dependent if volume
     * is changed per stream or system wide. Per stream volume
     * change is expected when possible.
     *
     * data: double: new volume with range of 0.0 - 1.0.
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_SET_VOLUME = MKBETAG('S', 'V', 'O', 'L'),

    /**
     * Mute control messages.
     *
     * Change mute state. It may be device-dependent if mute status
     * is changed per stream or system wide. Per stream mute status
     * change is expected when possible.
     *
     * data: NULL.
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_MUTE        = MKBETAG(' ', 'M', 'U', 'T'),
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_UNMUTE      = MKBETAG('U', 'M', 'U', 'T'),
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_TOGGLE_MUTE = MKBETAG('T', 'M', 'U', 'T'),

    /**
     * Get volume/mute messages.
     *
     * Force the device to send AV_DEV_TO_APP_VOLUME_LEVEL_CHANGED or
     * AV_DEV_TO_APP_MUTE_STATE_CHANGED command respectively.
     *
     * data: NULL.
     */
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_GET_VOLUME = MKBETAG('G', 'V', 'O', 'L'),
    AV_APP_TO_DEV_GET_MUTE   = MKBETAG('G', 'M', 'U', 'T'),
};

/**
 * Message types used by avdevice_dev_to_app_control_message().
 */
enum AVDevToAppMessageType {
    /**
     * Dummy message.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_NONE = MKBETAG('N','O','N','E'),

    /**
     * Create window buffer message.
     *
     * Device requests to create a window buffer. Exact meaning is device-
     * and application-dependent. Message is sent before rendering first
     * frame and all one-shot initializations should be done here.
     * Application is allowed to ignore preferred window buffer size.
     *
     * @note: Application is obligated to inform about window buffer size
     *        with AV_APP_TO_DEV_WINDOW_SIZE message.
     *
     * data: AVDeviceRect: preferred size of the window buffer.
     *       NULL: no preferred size of the window buffer.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_CREATE_WINDOW_BUFFER = MKBETAG('B','C','R','E'),

    /**
     * Prepare window buffer message.
     *
     * Device requests to prepare a window buffer for rendering.
     * Exact meaning is device- and application-dependent.
     * Message is sent before rendering of each frame.
     *
     * data: NULL.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_PREPARE_WINDOW_BUFFER = MKBETAG('B','P','R','E'),

    /**
     * Display window buffer message.
     *
     * Device requests to display a window buffer.
     * Message is sent when new frame is ready to be displayed.
     * Usually buffers need to be swapped in handler of this message.
     *
     * data: NULL.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_DISPLAY_WINDOW_BUFFER = MKBETAG('B','D','I','S'),

    /**
     * Destroy window buffer message.
     *
     * Device requests to destroy a window buffer.
     * Message is sent when device is about to be destroyed and window
     * buffer is not required anymore.
     *
     * data: NULL.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_DESTROY_WINDOW_BUFFER = MKBETAG('B','D','E','S'),

    /**
     * Buffer fullness status messages.
     *
     * Device signals buffer overflow/underflow.
     *
     * data: NULL.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_BUFFER_OVERFLOW = MKBETAG('B','O','F','L'),
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_BUFFER_UNDERFLOW = MKBETAG('B','U','F','L'),

    /**
     * Buffer readable/writable.
     *
     * Device informs that buffer is readable/writable.
     * When possible, device informs how many bytes can be read/write.
     *
     * @warning Device may not inform when number of bytes than can be read/write changes.
     *
     * data: int64_t: amount of bytes available to read/write.
     *       NULL: amount of bytes available to read/write is not known.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_BUFFER_READABLE = MKBETAG('B','R','D',' '),
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_BUFFER_WRITABLE = MKBETAG('B','W','R',' '),

    /**
     * Mute state change message.
     *
     * Device informs that mute state has changed.
     *
     * data: int: 0 for not muted state, non-zero for muted state.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_MUTE_STATE_CHANGED = MKBETAG('C','M','U','T'),

    /**
     * Volume level change message.
     *
     * Device informs that volume level has changed.
     *
     * data: double: new volume with range of 0.0 - 1.0.
     */
    AV_DEV_TO_APP_VOLUME_LEVEL_CHANGED = MKBETAG('C','V','O','L'),
};

/**
 * Send control message from application to device.
 *
 * @param s         device context.
 * @param type      message type.
 * @param data      message data. Exact type depends on message type.
 * @param data_size size of message data.
 * @return >= 0 on success, negative on error.
 *         AVERROR(ENOSYS) when device doesn't implement handler of the message.
 */
int avdevice_app_to_dev_control_message(struct AVFormatContext *s,
                                        enum AVAppToDevMessageType type,
                                        void *data, size_t data_size);

/**
 * Send control message from device to application.
 *
 * @param s         device context.
 * @param type      message type.
 * @param data      message data. Can be NULL.
 * @param data_size size of message data.
 * @return >= 0 on success, negative on error.
 *         AVERROR(ENOSYS) when application doesn't implement handler of the message.
 */
int avdevice_dev_to_app_control_message(struct AVFormatContext *s,
                                        enum AVDevToAppMessageType type,
                                        void *data, size_t data_size);

/**
 * Following API allows user to probe device capabilities (supported codecs,
 * pixel formats, sample formats, resolutions, channel counts, etc).
 * It is build on top op AVOption API.
 * Queried capabilities allows to set up converters of video or audio
 * parameters that fit to the device.
 *
 * List of capabilities that can be queried:
 *  - Capabilities valid for both audio and video devices:
 *    - codec:          supported audio/video codecs.
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_INT (AVCodecID value)
 *  - Capabilities valid for audio devices:
 *    - sample_format:  supported sample formats.
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_INT (AVSampleFormat value)
 *    - sample_rate:    supported sample rates.
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_INT
 *    - channels:       supported number of channels.
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_INT
 *    - channel_layout: supported channel layouts.
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_INT64
 *  - Capabilities valid for video devices:
 *    - pixel_format:   supported pixel formats.
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_INT (AVPixelFormat value)
 *    - window_size:    supported window sizes (describes size of the window size presented to the user).
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_IMAGE_SIZE
 *    - frame_size:     supported frame sizes (describes size of provided video frames).
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_IMAGE_SIZE
 *    - fps:            supported fps values
 *                      type: AV_OPT_TYPE_RATIONAL
 *
 * Value of the capability may be set by user using av_opt_set() function
 * and AVDeviceCapabilitiesQuery object. Following queries will
 * limit results to the values matching already set capabilities.
 * For example, setting a codec may impact number of formats or fps values
 * returned during next query. Setting invalid value may limit results to zero.
 *
 * Example of the usage basing on opengl output device:
 *
 * @code
 *  AVFormatContext *oc = NULL;
 *  AVDeviceCapabilitiesQuery *caps = NULL;
 *  AVOptionRanges *ranges;
 *  int ret;
 *
 *  if ((ret = avformat_alloc_output_context2(&oc, NULL, "opengl", NULL)) < 0)
 *      goto fail;
 *  if (avdevice_capabilities_create(&caps, oc, NULL) < 0)
 *      goto fail;
 *
 *  //query codecs
 *  if (av_opt_query_ranges(&ranges, caps, "codec", AV_OPT_MULTI_COMPONENT_RANGE)) < 0)
 *      goto fail;
 *  //pick codec here and set it
 *  av_opt_set(caps, "codec", AV_CODEC_ID_RAWVIDEO, 0);
 *
 *  //query format
 *  if (av_opt_query_ranges(&ranges, caps, "pixel_format", AV_OPT_MULTI_COMPONENT_RANGE)) < 0)
 *      goto fail;
 *  //pick format here and set it
 *  av_opt_set(caps, "pixel_format", AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P, 0);
 *
 *  //query and set more capabilities
 *
 * fail:
 *  //clean up code
 *  avdevice_capabilities_free(&query, oc);
 *  avformat_free_context(oc);
 * @endcode
 */

/**
 * Structure describes device capabilities.
 *
 * It is used by devices in conjunction with av_device_capabilities AVOption table
 * to implement capabilities probing API based on AVOption API. Should not be used directly.
 */
typedef struct AVDeviceCapabilitiesQuery {
    const AVClass *av_class;
    AVFormatContext *device_context;
    enum AVCodecID codec;
    enum AVSampleFormat sample_format;
    enum AVPixelFormat pixel_format;
    int sample_rate;
    int channels;
    int64_t channel_layout;
    int window_width;
    int window_height;
    int frame_width;
    int frame_height;
    AVRational fps;
} AVDeviceCapabilitiesQuery;

/**
 * AVOption table used by devices to implement device capabilities API. Should not be used by a user.
 */
extern const AVOption av_device_capabilities[];

/**
 * Initialize capabilities probing API based on AVOption API.
 *
 * avdevice_capabilities_free() must be called when query capabilities API is
 * not used anymore.
 *
 * @param[out] caps      Device capabilities data. Pointer to a NULL pointer must be passed.
 * @param s              Context of the device.
 * @param device_options An AVDictionary filled with device-private options.
 *                       On return this parameter will be destroyed and replaced with a dict
 *                       containing options that were not found. May be NULL.
 *                       The same options must be passed later to avformat_write_header() for output
 *                       devices or avformat_open_input() for input devices, or at any other place
 *                       that affects device-private options.
 *
 * @return >= 0 on success, negative otherwise.
 */
int avdevice_capabilities_create(AVDeviceCapabilitiesQuery **caps, AVFormatContext *s,
                                 AVDictionary **device_options);

/**
 * Free resources created by avdevice_capabilities_create()
 *
 * @param caps Device capabilities data to be freed.
 * @param s    Context of the device.
 */
void avdevice_capabilities_free(AVDeviceCapabilitiesQuery **caps, AVFormatContext *s);

/**
 * Structure describes basic parameters of the device.
 */
typedef struct AVDeviceInfo {
    char *device_name;                   /**< device name, format depends on device */
    char *device_description;            /**< human friendly name */
} AVDeviceInfo;

/**
 * List of devices.
 */
typedef struct AVDeviceInfoList {
    AVDeviceInfo **devices;              /**< list of autodetected devices */
    int nb_devices;                      /**< number of autodetected devices */
    int default_device;                  /**< index of default device or -1 if no default */
} AVDeviceInfoList;

/**
 * List devices.
 *
 * Returns available device names and their parameters.
 *
 * @note: Some devices may accept system-dependent device names that cannot be
 *        autodetected. The list returned by this function cannot be assumed to
 *        be always completed.
 *
 * @param s                device context.
 * @param[out] device_list list of autodetected devices.
 * @return count of autodetected devices, negative on error.
 */
int avdevice_list_devices(struct AVFormatContext *s, AVDeviceInfoList **device_list);

/**
 * Convenient function to free result of avdevice_list_devices().
 *
 * @param devices device list to be freed.
 */
void avdevice_free_list_devices(AVDeviceInfoList **device_list);

#endif /* AVDEVICE_AVDEVICE_H */